Decide on methods for keeping senior leaders informed throughout implementation. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 60, 54–68. Implementation Science, 8, 46–62. EBP competencies of staff and nurse managers. Resource knowledge translation and exchange, 5. Retrieved from, IOM (Institute of Medicine). doi:10.1186/s13012-015-0220-6, Mangurian, C., Niu, G.C., Schillinger, D., Newcomer, J.W., Dilley, J., & Handley, M.A. doi:10.1177/0193945917738781, Slaughter, S.E., Hill, J.N., & Snelgrove-Clarke, E. (2015). A mid-range sociological theory that focuses on the contributions of social action to implementation, embedding and integration of EBPs. Careful editing is needed to distill the necessary information for clinicians. 5–22). This process takes place within a complex system of interactions between researchers and knowledge users which may vary in intensity, complexity and level of engagement depending on the nature of the research and the findings as well as the needs of the particular knowledge user’ (Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) 2014). Research to practice in the military healthcare system. Measuring factors affecting implementation of health innovations: A systematic review of structural, organizational, provider, patient, and innovation level measures. The intervention and the way it is implemented in a given setting and context can occur on a micro, meso, and macro level (Pfadenhauer et al., 2017). Knowledge translation is not a linear procedure and involves many processes, systems and interactions of the researcher and knowledge users. The gap between the availability of evidence and application in care delivery contributes to poor health outcomes such as obesity, healthcare-acquired infections, and injurious falls (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2016; Conway, Pogorzelska, Larson, & Stone, 2012; Shever, Titler, Mackin, & Kueny, 2011; Sving, Gunningberg, Högman, & Mamhidir, 2012; Titler et al., 2016). doi:10.1186/1748-5908-9-2, McKibbon, K.A., Lokker, C., Wilczynski, N.L., Ciliska, D., Dobbins, M., Davis, D.A., Haynes, R.B., & Straus, S.E. BMC Health Services Research, 17(1), 68. doi:10.1186/s12913-017-2029-2, Substance Use Disorders and Related Concerns, The 200th Birthday of Florence Nightingale, Addressing Social Determinants of Health: Progress and Opportunities, Translational Research: From Knowledge to Practice, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2016, Conway, Pogorzelska, Larson, & Stone, 2012, Sving, Gunningberg, Högman, & Mamhidir, 2012, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine [NAM], 2015, Kueny, Shever, Lehan Mackin, & Titler, 2015, Newhouse, Bobay, Dykes, Stevens, & Titler, 2013, Lokker, McKibbon, Colquhoun, & Hempel, 2015, Straus, Richardson, Glasziou, Richardson, & Haynes, 2011, Department of Health and Human Services, 2018, Tinkle, Kimball, Haozous, Shuster, & Meize-Grochowski, 2013, Colquhoun, Squires, Kolehmainen, Fraser, & Grimshaw, 2017, Grimshaw, Eccles, Lavis, Hill, & Squires, 2012, Bornbaum, Kornas, Peirson, & Rosella 2015, Stetler, Ritchie, Rycroft-Malone, Schultz, & Charns 2009, Gifford, Davies, Edwards, Griffin, & Lybanon, 2007,,,,,,,,,,,, Evidence for Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing Interventions: An Update (2011 through 2015), Advancing Scholarship through Translational Research: The Role of PhD and DNP Prepared Nurses, Connecting Translational Nurse Scientists Across the Nation—The Nurse Scientist-Translational Research Interest Group. Translation Research progresses across five phases: Thank you for your thoughtful and enlightening letter. Policy dissemination and implementation research is focused on generating knowledge to effectively spread research evidence among policymakers and integrate evidence-based interventions into policy designs (Purtle, Peters, & Brownson, 2016). This process is rarely simple, and the increasing volume of research evidence being produced, access to new evidence, the skills to appraise the quality of the evidence, time to locate and read evidence, and the capacity to apply evidence (Gravel et al. doi:10.1186/1748-5908-7-33. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press. There is a vast array of intervention techniques available to translate research‐based evidence into practice, for example visual cues (such as signs in the clinical area), audit, educational seminars, prompts, clinical guidelines, protocol and leadership involvement (Wuchner 2014).