Total tocopherol contents in GCSO is 139.73 ± 0.91 mg/100 g and δ tocopherol was the most abundant in the seed oil of GC. Lepidium sativum L. s.l. Garden cress seed oil (GCSO) has a balanced amount of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) (46.8%) and monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) (37.6%). It’s based on principles of collaboration, unobstructed discovery, and, most importantly, scientific progression. Biscuits stored at 30–40% RH/38–40°C had 1 month shelf-life, whereas at 90% RH/38°C and 65% RH/27°C, they lasted after 4 and 5 months, respectively. These oils have demonstrated greater value in tests that measure oxidative stability and also have a low saturated fatty acid level. The irritation of the intestines in dysentery and diarrhea effectively reduces by the use of mucilage of the germinating seeds of GCS. PDF | On Nov 26, 2015, C S Singh and others published garden cress seed | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate These properties may be useful in the preparation of several functional food preparations that overcome the milk secretion–related problems and anemic condition in women. The functional properties of garden cress seed stimulate us to review its different valuable properties and the fortified products developed by incorporating garden cress seeds. It acts as a general tonic and can also help to increase the libido naturally. Water the container or tray gently with a water sprayer on a regular basis to keep the soil or the paper towels moist. It is advisable to have vitamin C half an hour after consumption of these seeds as it enhances iron absorption. The main objective of this study was to make a formulation which can be easily taken by the consumer. HeadquartersIntechOpen Limited5 Princes Gate Court,London, SW7 2QJ,UNITED KINGDOM. Total Carbohydrates, Proteins and Iron are quantified for nutritional measurement as 60 mg, 1-2 mg and 1 mg respectively from a gram of seed sample. It contains natural antioxidants like vitamin A, E, and eugenol, which help to protect cells from damage by free radicals [10]. GCS can be used as a supplement for proper regulation of the menstrual cycle, because it has mild oestrogenic properties. Vitamin C taking half an hour after consumption of these seeds enhances the iron absorption. However, sufficient intake of n-3 PUFAs alters membrane fluidity, downregulates inflammatory genes and lipid synthesis, and stimulates fatty acid degradation [43]. The drink that was found most suitable, with an overall consumer acceptability of 8.75 was that containing 3% of the seed powder. Various diseases such as asthma, coughs with expectoration, diarrhea, dysentery, poultices for sprains, leprosy, skin disease, splenomegaly, dyspepsia, lumbago, leucorrhoea, scurvy, and seminal weakness can be treated using garden cress seed [7]. It results in the development of the products with increased amount of protein, fat, calcium, iron, and phosphorous. Qualitative and quantitative amino acid profile as presented in Table 1 well introduces the nutritional quality of GCS protein [4, 14]. Whole garden cress seed flour incorporated product was acceptable as standard. Vitamin E (tocopherol) is an important antioxidant, which protects vitamin A and essential fatty acids from oxidation and prevents breakdown of body tissues. May Prevent Hair Loss; You could consume garden cress seeds or use it as hair paste to help preventing hair loss. Thus, the higher carotenoid content might be responsible for a high IV in solvent-extracted GCSO. The fortified garden cress products are discussed as under: Food product dahiwala bread was developed by Agarwal and Sharma using processed garden cress seeds [37]. To date our community has made over 100 million downloads. The low moisture content is an index of stability, quality, and increased shelf life of seeds [16]. Garden cress seeds can be blended with water and honey to form a thick paste that can be applied on the skin to treat sunburn, irritated skins, dry skin and broken lips. Physicochemical parameters provide important information regarding storage, stability, and quality of the product. Hair Loss Treatment Garden cress is an excellent source of protein and iron thus can be used for treating people suffering from hair loss. The classification by decreasing order of unsaponifiable matter content is the following: shea butter (5.1%), avocado (2.8%), safou Dacryodes edulis (2.3%), red egusi seeds (1.6%), C. Schweinfurthii Engl. These used garden cress seed as 10, 20 and 30% level to prepare garden cress seed flour. It is an important factor for the evaluation of nutritional status of fruits and seeds of plants and crops, and it dictates further studies on components, which seem more interesting [15]. Research Full Length Research Paper Genetic divergence analysis of garden cress (Lepidium sativum L.) Temesgen Bedassa 1,2, Mebeaselassie Andargie 2 * and Million Eshete 3 1 Department of Biology, Madawalabu University, P.O. Lepidium sativum description is available in the Ayurvedic classical text Pregnant women should avoid taking garden cress in any form because it has the ability to induce uterine contractions and thereby trigger spontaneous abortion. It also provides useful information about the purity of oils. Similarly, Mohite et al. The free fatty acids (FFA) and peroxide value (PV) of the cold-pressed GCSO is lowest compared to the oils extracted by solvent and supercritical CO2 extraction (Table 2). The GCS is the rich source of iron, which is easily absorbed in intestine and helps to increase the hemoglobin level in blood. Humans cannot synthesize PUFAs like n-3 and n-6, which are essential fatty acids; therefore, they need to be supplemented through food. This study revealed that the effects of guar, GCS, and guar-L. sativum seed gum in order to substitute gluten in composite rice-wheat flour recipes. Data compiled from: Diwakar et al. The presence of tryptophan and cystine in GCS is also reported [14]. Box 217, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia. (1.3%), sesame (1.2%), white egusi (1.1%), corn (0.92%), cotton (0.52), palm (0.34%), peanut (0.33), palm kernel (0.22) and coco kernel (0.09). 8. Built by scientists, for scientists. Fatty acid composition (Table 1) reveals high content of linolenic acid (32.18%) and oleic acid (30.5%) in the garden cress seed oil (GCSO). Omega-3 fatty acid–rich biscuits were prepared by adding MGCSO at 20 g/100 g or GCO at 5.0 g/100 g by replacing flour and fat or fat in biscuit formula [38].