Secondly, Sociology is an empirical discipline. The one social problem is of course that of people living well and happily together. DMPQ- . Economics focuses on the production and distribution of society’s goods and services. The nature and importance of sociology Pioneers of sociology As a matter of fact the study of social phenomena and ways and means of promoting what Giddings calls human adequacy is one of the most logical and reasonable of all subjects that ought to be made scientific. This century must be one of developing human and social welfare if we are to make social progress. Importance of its study. CGPCS Prelims Exam 2020 - Test Series and Notes Program, CGPCS Prelims and Mains 2020 Tests Series and Notes Program, CGPCS Detailed Complete Prelims 2020 Notes, Society, Community, Association, Institution, Social group, Folkways and Mores, History of Chattisgarh - CGPCS Exam Preparation, Tribal Problems: Isolation Migration and Acculturation - CGPCS Exam Preparation, Chhattisgarh: Natural Resources - CGPCS Exam Preparation, Folk theaters in Chhattisgarh - CGPCS Exam Preparation, Syllabus and Pattern of CGPCS Prelims Exam. The most significance of sociology is that it studied the society social institutions scientifically. Scope means the subject matter or the areas of study or the boundaries of a subject. Sociology is a categorical and not a normative discipline:- Sociology “confines itself to statements … DMPQ- . Part I Welfare Development Programs and Laws, Part II Aptitude Test, Logical Reasoning, Mental Ability. Auguste Comte, a French social thinker, is traditionally known as the ‘Father of Sociology’ as he coined the term ‘Sociology’ in 1839. Political science also concerns the relation of people in a society to whatever form of government they have. Thus, sociology becomes as the scientific study of society, the representative of a great advice. Sociology is the study of human society, including its origins, development, functioning and organization. DMPQ- Explain the concept and significance of plate tectonic theory . There must be a scientific study of its problems if they are to be solved. Sociology is interested in social relationships not because they are economic or political or religious or legal but because they are at the same time social. Of late the importance of sociology as the science of human relationship is being realised. Society is the largest organisation of the individuals. Of late the importance of sociology as the science of human relationship is being realised. DMPQ- Discuss the important government initiatives taken for labor reforms in recent years. It is concerned with human relationships and patterns of social interactions in general, and not any particular aspects of the same. As Beach says, sociology has a strong appeal to all types of minds through its direct bearing upon many of the critical problems of the present world. It is concerned with what is, not with what ought to be. Descriptive sociology provides a great deal of information that is helpful in making decisions on social policy. Further, the sociologists simply indicate the directions towards which the society is moving and refrain from expressing views on the directions in which society should, go. It is through the study of sociology that the scientific study of society has been possible. The study of society not only has a value in modern complex society, it becomes indispensable. But there is no one opinion about the scope of Sociology. The practical aspect of sociology is too of great importance in the study of social problems and in social work and social adjustment. The scientific study of society and the scientific promotion of human welfare has been neglected for long periods. Traditionally, it focuses on what might be termed “primitive” cultures, such as the Yanomamo people of the South American jungle, who live much the same way they did hundreds of years ago. The Specialistic or Formalistic school and (2) the Synthetic school. There is, therefore, a particular need for the strengthening of these institutions and one of the first essentials is the scientific study of their problems and situations. Of late the importance of sociology as the science of human relationship is being realised. Relation with other Social Sciences. Society is a complex structure. The values which a society upholds and which influence the social behaviour of men are accepted by sociologists as facts’ and analysed objectively. Sociology as a social science has its own scope or boundaries. Anthropology concerns individual cultures in a society, rather than the society as a whole. Psychologists study the human brain and how it functions, considering issues such as memory, dreams, learning, and perception. A sociologist, however, focuses his attention on human or social relationships which are common to all these specialised fields. However, there are two main schools of thought regarding the scope of Sociology: The supporters of this school of thought are George Simmel, Vierkandt, Max Weber, Von Wiese, Small and F. Tonnies. It considers what kind of government a society has, how it formed, and how individuals attain positions of power within a particular government. Likewise, a political scientist is primarily concerned only with interactions in the political field. Sociological knowledge is necessary for understanding and planning of society. But in the social field the world has been left behind by the revolutionary progress of the science. The most significance of sociology is that it studied the society social institutions scientifically. It is, therefore, rightly thought by many that sociology may be the best approach to all the social sciences and therefore a key study for the present situation. Why is left wing extremism (Maoism violence) is still persistence even after so many government efforts? It is thus not a normative discipline like Ethics or Religion. Giddings has suggested that just as economics tells up how to get the things we want to have, sociology tells us how to become what we want to be. Therefore the study of sociology is essentially analytical. Now the truly scientific study of society has been well under way. Sociology alone studies social relationships, society itself. The supporters of synthetic school are the sociologists like Durkheim, Ginsberg, Comte, Sorokin, Spencer, F. Ward, and L.T. CGPCS Prelims and Mains Notes, CGPCS Test Series, Sociology- Meaning, Scope and nature, Importance of its study. It plays an important role in the reconstruction of society. A sociologist analyses society from different angles and acquires knowledge about society and patterns of social interactions. Fourthly, Sociology is a general and not a -special social science.