You can identify it on fresh cuts as black spots in the wood. The best time to repot Japanese maple bonsai is in the spring months just before the buds have opened. Bonsai Japanese Maples in stock and ready to ship. Use a well-drained soil mixture, like Akadama mixed with Pumice and lava rock. During the fall, switch to a nitrogen-free fertilizer and cut back on the frequency of feeding. The following are some of the most common and popular types for bonsai: Regular pruning is essential for the aesthetic and health of a bonsai tree. When pruning thick branches we advise using a cut paste product to prevent fungal diseases that can enter through pruning wounds. If you suspect Verticillium is present in your tree(s) be sure to thoroughly clean and disinfect your tools. Japanese Maple Bonsai Trees are best known for their unique leaf shape and seasonal changes. Maple trees are easy to grow from cuttings. As with most bonsai, any heavy pruning of main branches or stems should be saved for the late fall to winter months. The Japanese Maple is frost hardy, even when trained as a Bonsai, but when temperatures drop below 15 °F (-10 °C), it should be protected. Get rid of aphids with a standard insecticide spray, and follow the direction on the label. Generally, using a commercially available bonsai soil mix is best as they are specially formulated to support the growth of bonsai trees. Pruning: Trimming shoots and twigs can be done year-round. Repotting: The Japanese Maple Bonsai should be repotted every two years. When pruning, remove all the leaves, but make sure to leave the leaf-stems intact. There are countless varieties of Japanese Maple with different leaf colors, shapes, and sizes. The Japanese Maple bonsai tree, found primarily in outdoor gardens, is one of the best species of bonsai trees. Japanese maple bonsai (Acer palmatum) are much appreciated. Japanese maples are some of the most extravagant trees for bonsai and are widely popular thanks to their brilliantly colored foliage and ease of care. Japanese maple bonsai do not need as much sunlight as some bonsai specimens do. The colourful leaves of the different varieties … [2] X Research source There are many possible cultivars of Japanese maple. In the spring and summer, the new shoots should be pinched back on a regular basis to shape the tree and encourage branching. It's also well-known and popular for its very attractive yellow, orange, and red autumn colors, orange and red maples being the most popular. Fertilizing: Solid, organic fertilizers contain all the required micronutrients, and they take effect slowly and gently. Red leaved varieties (often referred to as simply a red maple) include the Deshojo and Seigen. Unlike some other bonsai specimens, Japanese maple bonsai are great for beginners and do not require as much care and skill to keep happy. Although they are native to Japan, they are adaptable to a wide range of climates in North America, Europe, China, and Korea. Japanese maple bonsai are relatively easy to care for and make great bonsai for beginners and professionals alike. The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Japanese Red Maple bonsai needs to be watered often, particularly during the hottest days of the growing season. The leaves of Japanese maple bonsai should also be actively pruned throughout the growing season to keep them small and match the shape of the overall tree. Join our Bonsai forum to ask your questions. Partial leaf pruning is a more gentle and less stressful pruning method, so it can be done every year. Japanese maple bonsai grow roots quickly and vigorously and will require root pruning at the time of repotting. Japanese maple bonsai care. The Japanese maple has a scientific name of Acer palmatum. Remove the largest leaves, closely spaced leaves, or the leaves in the strongest areas of the tree. Mature Bonsai with a delicate ramification can be pinched in order to keep the twigs thin. The Maple is particularly vulnerable to some fungal infections and diseases. Strong branches should be pruned in autumn or summer, when callus growth is quick, to prevent excessive bleeding. Placement : Japanese Maple Bonsai do really well in sunny and airy location, but when temperatures rise to 85 °F (30 °C) or above, it should be placed somewhere with indirect sunlight to prevent damaging the leaves. This will help to ensure that the tree has adequate time to recover from the repotting before it goes into dormancy in the fall and winter months. Another benefit of the Japanese maple bonsai is that it does not require as much sunlight as most other bonsai varieties. There are several varieties of Japanese maple that are suitable for bonsai cultivation and training. Continue reading about pruning Bonsai trees. New growth should be pruned back to one or two pairs of leaves. While you can get away with once-a-day or every other day watering … Adding a drainage layer of rocks or pebbles to the bottom of the pot will help to prevent waterlogging. Younger Japanese Maple trees usually have green or reddish bark that turns light grey or grayish brown as it ages. Pests and diseases: The Japanese Maple is a very sturdy tree species, but it can be affected by sap-sucking insects known as aphids in spring. Without a japanese maple a bonsai collection is not complete. These trees are deciduous and … After the first leaf pair has unfolded, remove the soft little tip of the shoot between them to prevent the twigs from thickening. Many fall in love instantly with the Japanese Maple bonsai … This makes them perfect for gardeners with partly shady backyards. Continue reading about watering Bonsai trees. We will replace product that is damaged or lost in transit. They develop into maple seeds that are shaped like a paired winged nut that floats to the ground like propellers when they drop. It is an extremely compact bonsai tree and is known for its delicate foliage and beautiful hues of reds and gold throughout the leaves. These trees are deciduous and lose all their leaves during winter. General Background:. Maple trees are deciduous small trees, with odd … The greenish-yellow flowers bloom in clusters and appear in May through June. You should consider the Japanese Red Maple bonsai. If you need help identifying your tree, take a look at our Bonsai tree identification guide. Japanese maple bonsai require regular fertilizing to encourage strong and consistent new growth. Cori is a freelance writer based out of Ontario, Canada, who specializes in houseplants and houseplant care. As always, it’s best to take it slow and not overdo the wiring as you don’t want to damage the tree. Generally, using a commercially available bonsai soil mix is best as they are specially formulated to support the growth of bonsai trees. Japanese maples make wonderful plants for Bonsai. As the name suggests, partial pruning does not require you to remove all the leaves. We guarantee safe arrival of all of our trees and plants. Maples grow well in containers and they tend to reduce their size in containers very nicely. Placement : Japanese Maple Bonsai do really well in sunny and airy location, but when temperatures rise to 85 °F (30 °C) or above, it should be placed somewhere with indirect sunlight to prevent damaging the leaves. Select a maple tree branch that is appealing in shape. The maples in this section are chosen for bonsai because they have grafts that are low and/or very clean (ie. It has strong roots that grow quickly and usually fill the pot in a short time, so be sure to prune the roots efficiently as per the instructions in the repotting Bonsai section. Find species-specific information on your tree. The soil should be kept evenly moist at all times during the spring and summer, but never waterlogged. The Japanese Maple Bonsai is a very popular choice amongst Bonsai enthusiasts, because it’s simple to grow and it is a very hardy tree, making it a perfect first choice. By using The Spruce, you accept our, How to Grow and Care for Sweet Cherry Trees, How to Care for and Maintain a Bonsai Tree, How to Grow Guiana Chestnut (Money Tree) Indoors, Crimson Queen Japanese Maple Tree Profile, Red, Yellow, Green and Variegated Japanese Maple Trees. Watering: A Japanese Maple Bonsai must be watered … The young shoots in spring have yellowish, orange, or even bright red leaves. Cut back up to ⅓ of the roots, starting from the outside and moving inwards. During the spring and summer months, these trees may need to be watered as often as every day, although they will require significantly less water during the fall and winter months.