Once you notice the parallel and the agreement of the letters r , e , s with der , die , das , it becomes less complicated than it may seem at first. or possessive article with an ending (meiner, deinem etc.) Is the noun in the nominative, accusative, dative or genitive? There are both strong and weak forms of adjectives. manch- (some) The only exception is accusative masculine form. Other “article-like” words such as dieser, jener, jeder, mancher, welcher, and solcher all decline following the table above. In all other instances, the adjective has no ending (Der Tisch ist groß. While an adjective in English stays the same no matter the plurality or role of the noun, German adjectives need to be adjusted with different endings to indicate the gender, plurality, and case of the noun. Remember that a “definite” article is used to pick out a specific thing, something definitive, while an “indefinite” article is used to talk about a “swappable” noun, something which could be swapped for another of the same type (an apple versus the apple). This alignment, which is a type of inflection (like verbs undergo), is called declension. Find out more. Strong forms are used with indefinite articles (“a/an” in English) or when there is no determiner. The adjective remains the same in all cases. An adjective is a word that describes the noun. Adjectives are often used in day-to-day conversations. The above adjective endings are also applicable when an indefinite article (einen, einem etc.) 2 Steps to Always Get German Adjective Endings Right Step 1: Determine the correct form of the article. For instance, Meine Freundin ist klug. The specific gender of a noun just needs to be memorized, but it will start to seem automatic with time! A German grammar training on the topic: adjectives and adjective endings. , Hurray! In English, there are no adjective endings. precedes the adjective, the endings are as follows:-. Keep The four cases are: nominative (usually the subject of the sentence), accusative (usually the object), dative (usually the indirect object), and genitive (denotes a possession or close association like “X of someone”). Want to learn more about German adjective endings? The position of the adjective (before or after noun) is not crucial. If a noun does not follow the adjective, that means we use a predicate adjective, then it takes no ending. This questions brings us to the second principle, which helps us with the learning of German adjective endings: 2. Lingvist helps you gain vocabulary faster and more effectively. beide (both). welch- (which) Preceding articles and pronouns do not matter either. Are you already familiar with the declension of articles and pronouns? It gives a more specific meaning to the sentence. While an adjective’s job in a sentence is already to make things more precise, descriptive, or colorful, German adjectives really go the extra mile! Like many other apps, we collect personal data to provide a better experience for our learners. dies- (this) and neut. What are Adjective Endings in German? As you all know, German case system is an integral part of the language. While this is also important in German, there are a few other properties of the noun that you need to consider before selecting the correct ending. The easiest way to know which ending is appropriate is to first memorize the patterns (shown in tables below) then think of the definite article that accompanies the noun and use that to help select which ending goes along with it. We have complied a list commonly used adjectives for you. What does this mean exactly? For example, Our neighbor is kind or my kind neighbor or the kind neighbor. In the following, you will see the table which shows German adjective endings for adjectives that describe nouns without articles. The adjective endings -er, -e, and -es correspond to the articles der, die, and das respectively (masc., fem., and neuter). Then you move on to the most useful German phrases. Repeat the words after the speaker to improve your pronunciation. 'Tall' is the adjective as it is describing the building. Adjectives are descriptive words. 'Lovely' is the adjective as it is describing the house. For neuter, the ending is “-es” instead of “-as”. Keep writing. The above adjective endings are also applicable when an indefinite article (ein) or possessive article without an ending (mein, dein etc.) The adjective remains the same in all cases. Tip 3 – Adjective endings with article in nominative and accusative case (singular nouns) are always “-e“ irrespective of gender. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Get started now and supercharge your vocabulary. You got all the answers correct. In German, both determiners and adjectives take endings, also known as declensions or inflections, that indicate the noun's case. Becoming comfortable choosing one quickly while speaking comes with a bit of practice. For this reason, even if you plan to use an indefinite article (“a” for a non-specific noun) to say something like “a tall man,” it helps to first think of the definite article (“the” for referring to a specific noun) that goes with “man” (“the tall man”) to be reminded of the ending and help you select the correct adjective. If strong endings are used with indefinite articles, weak endings are used with… that’s right – definite articles! German adjectives get extra precise about their forms by aligning in several ways with the noun they describe. Learning new adjectives with their opposites is a great way to improve your German vocabulary. German has all the same adjective concepts that English does, yes … but how adjectives are used is very different, mainly because of tricky little adjective endings (i.e. Er spricht schnell.) jeglich- (any) derjenig- (the one) Keep it up! vocabulary lists divided subject-wise as well as articles related to It takes the ending “-en“. In an “adjective-noun” (noun + adjective) there is always EXACTLY ONE case-ending. Using adjectives in a sentence is not that easy in German. None of your answers were correct. Really thank you for this blog post. Compare the two tables and notice the similarities. The ending of an adjective depends on three factors: Is the noun masculine, feminine, neuter or plural? In order to be able to apply what you will learn here about adjective endings, you need to know the Basic Chart of the forms of der/das/die and the ein-words, and you should be comfortable with the German case system (Nominative, Accusative, Dative, Genitive). Take a look at this article on German is easy. In English, there are no adjective endings. They tell us, for example, who is the subject doing something to/for someone else. jen- (that) Knowing the correct adjective ending is important for your overall language fluency. ), or any ein-word with an ending (eine, einen, einem, keine, Tip 2 – Adjective endings with article in dative and genitive case are always the same (-en), irrespective of gender and number. – On this blog, you will find grammar lessons just like this one, German declensions or ‘endings’ on adjectives (and other words) tell us who is who in a sentence. PS Without these endings, you wouldn't know who was who or what was what. German Adjective Endings 1 (part 2 is here) Or in jargon: declension of adjectives. The adjective remains the same in all cases. declensions) you frequently have to use as part of the overarching German Case System. Understanding which adjective ending to select is a pretty hefty first step, so don’t worry if you need to let the different requirements sink in for a while. Take the following quiz to test your knowledge of German Adjective Endings. It gives a more specific meaning to the sentence. You scored less than 50%. It doesn’t take any endings. For the most part, adjectives occur before the noun, just like in English. German Adjective Endings for Nouns without Article. Weak endings are easier to remember because they are all either -e or -en. These should always be used with indefinite articles, possessives, and the negative kein/keinen/keine. What are Adjective Endings in German? What are adjectives and adjectival endings? The definite articles in accusative case are den, die, das and die. You know, that the definite article does not always precedes the noun, it can be another accompanying word or sometimes there isn’t even an accompanying word or article at … Here they are again for reference: They are also used with demonstratives pointing something out and a few other quantitative terms: derselb- (the same) German nouns have a certain “case,” which you can spot based on the definite article (“the” in English) they use. Please review our Privacy Policy to learn more about how we process this data. The position of the adjective (before or after noun) is not crucial. Adjective Endings: Nominative. Now, let’s learn about all these factors in detail. You do know the adjective endings quite well. The correct form of the article has two components: the noun’s gender; the noun’s case; So, the magic formula’s two ingredients are both famous oh-my-god-I-can-never-learn-German aspects of the language – like German word order. Strong endings are mostly identical with the definite article, minus the “d-.” In some cases, they use the last two letters and in others the final single letter. Or, taking another example: 'A tall building'.