which is the Spirit. you all" Colossians 1:18 0000015046 00000 n 0000083902 00000 n the body, (namely) the church" sinful body". describing an attribute or quality to the head noun. translated, ‘the body of the church’.)          Romans 6:6 '�B�%g�9 2@;W�*�3(�.iEy��Ju�t��)�B��t��~����h�J�+Q�xv�/��?'         "mammon of unrighteousness" = Common Uses of Genitive Case, Page 2, By Corey Keating, Version 2.1, September 2004, www.ntgreek.org Information gathered primarily from “Greek Grammar Beyond the Basics” by Daniel B. Wallace Summary of the Most Common Uses of the Genitive Case (continued) Ablatival Genitives Name Definition Translated by (replacing ‘of’) Matthew 12:31 trailer << /Size 518 /Info 479 0 R /Root 483 0 R /Prev 136025 /ID[] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 483 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 481 0 R /Metadata 480 0 R /Outlines 4 0 R /OpenAction [ 485 0 R /XYZ null null null ] /PageMode /UseNone /PageLabels 478 0 R /StructTreeRoot 484 0 R /PieceInfo << /MarkedPDF << /LastModified (D:20040916161323)>> >> /LastModified (D:20040916161323) /MarkInfo << /Marked true /LetterspaceFlags 0 >> >> endobj 484 0 obj << /Type /StructTreeRoot /RoleMap 7 0 R /ClassMap 10 0 R /K 183 0 R /ParentTree 444 0 R /ParentTreeNextKey 2 >> endobj 516 0 obj << /S 48 /O 138 /L 154 /C 170 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 517 0 R >> stream H�b```f``�b`e`P^� Ȁ 6P�����@,����ϙ���2�g`g !�E���tw� action’ acts as a head noun modified by noun in the genitive case, it could indicate It shows your appreciation for the work done and it helps keeping it up to date. it can be turned into an attributive adjective, then it is probably this use of the 0000001837 00000 n ajdikiva"" c��! The preposition together with its object is called a PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE. jIoudaivwn." ", Matthew 6:25 I. Genitive of Comparison - This use of the genitive almost always comes after an         "the dead will hear the voice of If the content of this website has helped you in your effort learning Greek and makes you happy visiting it, please consider donating any amount you wish. In modern Hindi, the Sanskrit cases have been reduced to three: a direct case (for subjects and direct objects) and oblique case, and a vocative case.             "ejxeivlatov me ejk pavsh" th'" prosdokiva" tou' laou' tw'n John 3:2 New Testament Greek Syntax. E.g ‘piece of pie’, ‘some of you’, "you have One of the words (phrases) showing equality must be used. The actual word showing (indicating action). Subjective Genitive - The genitive Some prepositions require that the noun be in the genitive case. me from … all the expectation of the Jewish people" 0000002235 00000 n This         "tw'/ law'/ tou' These words will most often be at the beginning of the sentence. H��Wێ�6}�W�Yt��S��&H���M[N�����&ݿ�8�ؖ�E����33gFw��ᄏ{{��%���|y������u���j!Y�w���X~)��m�/w�q_�ؾ\ܽƁ��ŏ���r��d��Bp!�e���?�c˯0'5�M� f$�2���[|��q���O�ް㧂��Gv_�vu��8�X~N6]gS��TKlc�8�F_U����C���W�ū�xuO�$".�c�����.V��$�}���� I included in the table above simply for compatibility with several grammar books which also include it.         "he came to Jesus during the night" substantive functions semantically as the direct object of the This is an expletive, similar to “hey!” in English (but less rude than that). ajkouvsousin th'" fwnh'" tou' uiJou' tou' qeou' "         "mamwna' th'" Back to main Learn NT Greek page. It took on the role of other cases such as genitive. E.g. jIessaiv"         Acts 13:22 0000001425 00000 n 0000041034 00000 n %PDF-1.3 %���� the sign of circumcision" nouns. indicate actual, physical ownership of some property.             "He is the head of         "hJ mhvthr tw'n             "Apokavluyi" jIhsou' Cristou'" 0000009770 00000 n In general, the genitive case describes or defines. substantive functions semantically as the subject of the             "a demonstration         John 1:29 uiJw'n…"             "e[ndeixin th'" dikaiosuvnh" aujtou'" Matthew 24:27 Note also that, strictly speaking, the definite article does not have a vocative case even in Ancient Greek. The genitive noun is often a proper noun. "He is mightier than I. The article modifying qeou' oJ ai[rwn th;n aJmartivan tou' kovsmou."             "the obedience of Wikipedia . paraklhvsew" tw'n grafw'n" A. Genitive After Certain Prepositions - as discussed in the section dealing Subjective and Objective Genitives simultaneously. ejstin." �����Cs�q~�=iwYc��7�ﻆ�s����}����橬>��x`7�xg">4��OE�fU�X�m�O����}��k>j�hϝ����/��Yb*�Q��� TΆ�F�߅s\"3$׊�ArK�mZH�rX%���p���xf�V��5?��aԡ�Mʟ�U6�|+����}��,~c�g�m�s�6d��$��T�I�����D�n���;�3�A�ih�9�c�EϽi��q�����,�/� ��u������L�9�|�a�\���$��1[�Y�WX��b�D%B���bS��Ԍe!^`��rh|I[�#�v��02$���S����$7�T��P�5Tus��L����>���b�>< y�p4��3��qԏ�,1�4�F���/��*��{�d�������F��j�U�3��^.�xO���+�����\��8�_)�I]���hU��Z�shUm��\��vq � s����=i���y&\��� E.g.             The Son of Man is de; aujtw'n tw'/ kurivw/ ... ei\pen to; pneu'ma to; a{gion, " 0000011514 00000 n There are four cases in Modern Greek (in ancient Greek five). kai; hJmevra" ejrgazovmenoi" The dative case was used regularly up until a few decades ago. The genitive primarily functions adjectivally to limit (restrict, see Louw Linguistic Theory) a substantive by describing, defining or qualifying / modifying it.The genitive also sometimes functions to express the idea of separation, point of departure, source, origin (ie. Romans 4:11 0000007664 00000 n 0000008081 00000 n         "working at night and at day" Back to Syntactical Classification Pages. Jesus Christ" 0000003612 00000 n B. Genitive of Direct Object - after certain verbs - Many verbs, such as those of         "h\lqen proV aujto;n nukto;V" ‘of’ can be substituted the words ‘which is a part of’. Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.5 License.             "but the blasphemy the five physical senses and of emotion, etc., require that their direct object be in the uJparcovntwn" 0000079854 00000 n A few months ago, I wrote a post about the accusative case (αιτιατική). ‘portion’. The word             Blaspheming the Spirit. English Wikipedia has an article on: Jesus. away the sin of the world." E.g. Whereas the  subject of the subordinate To match the antecedent: Participles add ADJECTIVE endings. It may be a broadly defined type of E. Partitive Genitive ("Wholative") - The genitive substantive (preceded formed with the following components.             "oJ dou;V hJmi'n to;n ajrrabw'na tou' pneuvmato"." E.g. To substantiate this thought, try to turn it into a New Testament Greek Syntax. Created by Corey Keating at:         "Daui;d to;n tou' or forms. the ablative use).   on’. revealing something and it is revealing Jesus Christ. As languages evolve, case systems change. The cases - Οι πτώσεις. 0000015023 00000 n food?". It is a i.e. Matthew 20:20 by the article) can indicate the whole of which the head noun is a part. See in the file below when each case can be used. http://www.ntgreek.org/, Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.5 License.